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The website of the Westmorland General Meeting 'Preparing for Peace' initiative

    

CAN WAR BE SUCCESSFUL IN ACHIEVING ITS AIMS?

FACTSHEET 1

 

War in the 20th C

 THE FIRST WORLD WAR

Duration: August 1914-November 1918

Deaths-military:

Germany 2 million

Russia 1.7 million

France 1.4 million

Austria-Hungary 1.1 million

Great Britain 0.8 million

Italy 0.5 million

Turkey 0.4 million

British Empire 0.3 million

USA 0.1 million

 

Deaths civilian, due to famine, disease, starvation:

Germany 0.8 million

Russia 2 million

Austria-Hungary 1 million

Deaths in air-raids and at sea: 0.1 million

Massacres of Armenians, Syrians, Jews, Greeks 4 million

 

Destruction

Northern France & Belgium:

8,000 sq miles of farmland laid waste

1,875 sq miles of forest laid waste

1,000 industrial plants destroyed

377 public buildings destroyed

1,200 churches destroyed

1,500 schools destroyed

246,000 houses destroyed

 

SECOND WORLD WAR

Duration:

In Europe: September 1939 May 1945

In Asia: July 1937-August 1945 (USA from December 1945)

 

Deaths-Military

USSR 7 million

Germany 3.5 million

Japan 1.2 million

USA 300,000

Britain 250,000

Deaths Civilian

As a result of bombing:

Japan  500,000 (including 106,000 as a result of the two atom bombs dropped on Hiroshima & Nagasaki)

Germany 300,000

Britain 60,500

As a result of deliberate killing:

6 million Jews

- million Gypsies

As a result of invasion, occupation, resistance, reprisals, slave labour, forced marches, etc:

 Unknown

 

 

WARS IN OUR OWN TIME

Wars, including civil wars, in progress in the years 1995-1997

 

Place

Date war started

Deaths since war began (mostly estimates)

Afghanistan

Algeria

Angola

Azerbaijan

Bosnia

Burundi

Cambodia

Chad

Colombia

Croatia

Georgia

Guatemala

India

 

Indonesia

Iraq

Israel

Lebanon

Liberia

Myanmar

Papua New Guinea

Peru

Philippines

Russia

Rwanda

Sierra Leone

Somalia

South Africa

Sri Lanka

Sudan

Tadjikistan

Turkey

Western Sahara

Zaire

1978

1992

1975

1988

1992

1993

1975

1966

1978

1991

1991

1968

1981 (Sikhs)

1989 (Kashmir)

1975

1980

1948

1976

1989

1948

1989

1980

1968

1991

1990

1989

1991

1996

1983

1983

1992

1983

1973

1993

1,000,000-2,000,000

      60,000

    500,000

      50,000

    100,000

    100,000

 2,000,000

    100,000

      30,000

      10,000

      17,000

      45,000

      20,000

      15,000

    100,000

    500,000

      13,000

      15,000

    200,000

      14,000

      15,000

      28,000

      30,000

      20,000

    800,000

      20,000

    400,000

      15,000

      35,000

 1,500,000

      30,000

      20,000

      15,000

      20,000

This table shows conflicts in which at least 10,000 people have been killed. There are many more conflicts with casualties in the range 1,000-10,000, (including United Kingdom - conflict in Northern Ireland: 3,000 deaths.)

 [Source: Centre for Conflict Resolution, University of Bradford]

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